September 15, 2008

DOE To Invest In Six Innovative Biofuels Projects

The Department of Energy (DOE) recently announced that it was investing up to $4.4 million in six advanced biofuels projects. Combined with the minimum university cost share of 20 percent, more than $5.7 million is slated for investment in these six projects.

These projects represent an investment in clean energy technologies that will help expand the current biofuels R&D efforts and help meet growing energy demand while reducing greenhouse gas emissions and dependence on foreign oil. These will also expand the geographic diversity and breadth of partners working on advanced biofuels development across the country and strengthen DOE collaboration with universities, encouraging the innovation necessary to diversify our nation’s energy sources.

The following six projects were competitively selected for negotiation of awards:

University of Toledo: The University of Toledo (Toledo, Ohio) will address development of cost-effective biocatalysts capable of increasing product yield in the biological conversion of lignocellulosic biomass. The project will use a novel enzyme pellet scheme for efficient fermentation of both five-carbon and six-carbon sugars. The proposed approach provides the potential of simultaneous conversion of cellulose to sugar and fermentation to ethanol with native yeasts for the first time. The University of Toledo will undertake research tasks to evaluate the implementation of the technology in several modes of operation.

Steven’s Institute of Technology: Steven’s Institute of Technology’s New Jersey Center (Hoboken, N. J.) for MicroChemical Systems with BASF Catalysts LLC is planning to evaluate and demonstrate a novel microchannel reactor to reform pyrolysis oil to synthesis gas (syngas). The project intends to use the novel reactor and precisely controlled operating conditions to produce a high yield of syngas at a reduced energy and temperature, while additionally extending the life of the chosen catalyst.

Montana State University: Montana State University (Bozeman, Mont.) will partner with Utah State University to evaluate the oil content of algae cultures available to the universities and identify populations that naturally have higher rates of oil production. In this project, they will test the oil producing microalgae in existing open ponds for growth characteristics and oil production and determine the optimal algae type and most efficient biorefinery design.

University of Georgia: University of Georgia (Athens, Ga.) plans to develop novel approaches to supply nutrients to oil-producing algal systems resulting in cost-effective algae-biofuel production systems. The project will take advantage of the abundance of litter from the poultry industry as a source of low cost nutrients, and develop a nutrient delivery system to grow algae sustainably. Additionally, this project aims to develop process methods for the harvesting of algae from open ponds and subsequent processing to biofuels and other value added products from algae.

University of Maine: The University of Maine (Orono, Maine) in conjunction with several industry and academic partners is planning to determine the optimal yield and productivity of high potential bacteria at moderate to high temperatures. The University of Maine intends to use regionally available feedstocks, i.e., pre-pulping extracts and seaweed sludge, to model alternative conversion and fermentation pathways of these feedstocks into intermediates and alcohols, respectively.

Georgia Tech Research Corporation: Georgia Tech Research Corporation (Atlanta, Ga.) plans to evaluate and model the reaction kinetics in two experimental gasifiers using forest residues under different processing conditions. This project will evaluate the impact specific conditions, pressure and temperature, on the carbon gasification rate and formation of contaminates. The resulting models will maximize synthesis gas yield from an optimized gasifier.

Source : Department of Energy

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